OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016


The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016 is the eleventh in a biennial series designed to review key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies (including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation and South Africa).

The report contains STI country profiles that offer insights into national innovation system: their structural characteristics, their STI performance benchmarked against selected harmonised indicators, and recent important developments in national STI policy (period 2014-2016).

The Belgian report identifies the following 'hot STI issues' as sources of risk or opportunities:

  • Improving overall human resources and skills: Belgium has a labour-force with strong skills.
  • Improving transfers, returns and impact of science: Belgium has a sound science base. Industry-science relations are good. The transfer of knowledge is important for all governments.
  • Addressing challenges of STI globalisation and increasing international co-operation: Belgian STI activities are well integrated internationally: high level of foreign investment in R&D, strong international reputation in R&D in certain fields. Attracting inward FDI is a major priority of the Belgian governments.
  • Targeting priority areas/sectors: There is some overlap between the priority areas of each region.
  • Improving framework conditions for innovation: The ease of entrepreneurship index is slightly below the OECD median.

The highlights of the Belgian STI system are summarised.