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Sum of the birth rate and death rate, which corresponds to the sum of the number of enterprise births and the number of enterprise deaths in the reference period (t) divided by the number of enterprises active in that period.
Active enterprises are enterprises that have employment and/or turnover in the period from 1st January to 31st December in a given year.
A birth amounts to the creation of a combination of production factors with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in the event. Births do not include entries into the population due to: mergers, break-ups, split-offs or the restructuring of a set of enterprises. It does not include entries into a sub-population resulting only from a change of activity.
A death amounts to the dissolution of a combination of production factors, with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in the event. Deaths do not include exits from the population due to mergers, take-overs, break-ups and restructuring of a set of enterprises. It does not include exits from a sub-population resulting only from a change of activity (Definitions of Eurostat - OECD Manual on Business Demography Statistics).
The Business demographic statistics provided by Eurostat, are drawn from business registers, although some individual countries improve the availability or freshness of data on employment and turnover by integrating other sources. Data covers the sections B to S (Industry, construction, and services, except insurance activities of holding companies) (Data for sections P, Q, R, and S are provided on a voluntary basis).
Source: Eurostat, Business demography statistics.