Business enterprise R&D expenditure by type of R&D

National data

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Business enterprise R&D expenditure by type of R&D

% of total business R&D expenditure

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Basic research7.0--10.3--8.2--
  Applied research36.4--40.6--40.1--
  Experimental development56.6--49.1--51.7--
Netherlands
  Basic research11.611.111.810.510.0--
  Applied research37.340.644.945.342.0--
  Experimental development51.148.343.444.248.0--
France
  Basic research5.45.35.46.0----
  Applied research42.742.343.342.6----
  Experimental development52.052.351.251.3----
Germany
  Basic research4.9--5.7--6.0--
  Applied research50.1--49.4--44.6--
  Experimental development45.0--44.9--49.4--
Austria
  Basic research5.7--6.4--5.0--
  Applied research33.7--34.6--33.3--
  Experimental development60.6--59.0--61.7--
United Kingdom
  Basic research4.35.15.66.56.7--
  Applied research46.644.744.440.941.7--
  Experimental development49.250.250.052.651.7--

Regional data

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Business enterprise R&D expenditure by type of R&D

% of total business R&D expenditure

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Basic research7.0--10.3--8.2--
  Applied research36.4--40.6--40.1--
  Experimental development56.6--49.1--51.7--
Brussels-Capital Region
  Basic research----9.6--1.8--
  Applied research----38.4--37.2--
  Experimental development----52.0--61.0--
Flemish Region
  Basic research----8.7--8.0--
  Applied research----41.4--40.7--
  Experimental development----49.8--51.4--
Walloon Region
  Basic research----14.1--11.3--
  Applied research----39.3--40.1--
  Experimental development----46.6--48.6--

Description

  •  13/03/2018

Total intramural R&D expenditure performed by the business enterprise sector (BERD) by type of R&D as a percentage of total business R&D expenditure. R&D includes three types of activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development.

Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view.

Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective.

Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed at producing new materials, products or devices, installing new processes, systems and services, or at substantially improving those already produced or installed. (Frascati Manual)

Other languages

  • Dépenses de R&D des entreprises par type de R&D
  • O&O-uitgaven van ondernemingen per type van O&O

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.