R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

National data

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R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

% of GDP

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector0.080.08--0.09----
  Government sector0.110.110.120.12----
  Higher education sector0.360.370.340.34----
  Private non-profit sector0.000.000.000.00----
  Total0.560.57--0.55----
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector0.020.020.020.020.02--
  Government sector0.130.140.150.150.14--
  Higher education sector0.470.480.490.490.47--
  Private non-profit sector------0.00----
  Total0.620.640.660.660.63--
France
  Business enterprise sector0.110.120.11------
  Government sector0.250.250.24------
  Higher education sector0.410.410.40------
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.01------
  Total0.790.790.77------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector0.080.060.070.070.070.07
  Government sector0.340.350.340.340.33--
  Higher education sector0.410.410.410.410.43--
  Total0.840.820.820.810.83--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--0.26--0.26----
  Government sector--0.12--0.12----
  Higher education sector--0.61--0.61----
  Private non-profit sector--0.00--0.00----
  Total1.100.991.100.990.950.93
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector0.080.090.100.100.09--
  Government sector0.100.100.090.100.10--
  Higher education sector0.270.270.270.260.24--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.010.02--
  Total0.460.480.470.460.44--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector0.08--0.07------
  Government sector0.23--0.230.220.22--
  Higher education sector0.380.380.380.38----
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.01------
  Total0.700.700.690.690.68--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector0.08--0.080.08----
  Government sector0.20--0.200.190.19--
  Higher education sector0.370.370.370.36----
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.01------
  Total0.660.660.650.640.63--

R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

% of total R&D expenditure financed by the government sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector15.2414.98--17.06----
  Government sector19.7319.37--21.22----
  Higher education sector64.4965.16--61.17----
  Private non-profit sector0.550.49--0.55----
  Total1.631.54--2.44----
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector3.863.362.983.143.09--
  Government sector21.1422.4522.4622.1922.40--
  Higher education sector75.0074.1974.5674.6774.50--
  Private non-profit sector------0.00----
  Total------0.00----
France
  Business enterprise sector14.4414.8514.63------
  Government sector31.4331.0531.00------
  Higher education sector52.4752.2452.50------
  Private non-profit sector1.651.871.86------
  Total4.074.184.46------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector10.127.767.928.238.03--
  Government sector40.7642.5241.9141.4439.78--
  Higher education sector49.1249.7250.1750.3752.19--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total------------
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--26.32--26.20----
  Government sector--11.72--12.23----
  Higher education sector--61.87--61.50----
  Private non-profit sector--0.09--0.08----
  Total1.161.251.331.501.611.66
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector17.4119.6121.4020.7819.93--
  Government sector21.9221.2519.4620.5821.54--
  Higher education sector58.7057.0656.6955.6855.13--
  Private non-profit sector1.972.092.452.973.39--
  Total6.656.166.387.258.03--

Regional data

No regional data available

Description

  •  24/05/2019

Intramural R&D expenditure financed by the government sector and performed on the national/regional territory, by the government sector itself, by the business enterprise sector, by the private non-profit sector, and by the higher education sector, as a percentage of GDP and of total R&D expenditure financed by the government sector. Government funded business R&D includes grants and payments for R&D contracts for procurement, but not R&D tax incentives, repayable loans or equity investments.

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices, and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services - other than higher education - which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided, and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations, and clinics operating under the direct control of, or administered by, or associated with higher education establishments. (Frascati Manual)

Other languages

  • Dépenses de R&D financées par le secteur de l'Etat
  • O&O-uitgaven gefinancierd door de overheidssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.