R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

National data

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

% of GDP

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector0.090.080.08--0.09--
  Government sector0.090.110.110.120.12--
  Higher education sector0.320.360.370.340.34--
  Private non-profit sector0.000.000.000.000.00--
  Total0.500.560.57--0.55--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector0.040.020.020.020.02--
  Government sector0.120.130.150.150.15--
  Higher education sector0.480.470.480.500.50--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.00--
  Total0.650.630.650.660.66--
France
  Business enterprise sector0.110.110.120.11----
  Government sector0.250.250.250.24----
  Higher education sector0.410.410.410.41----
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.01----
  Total0.770.790.790.77----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector0.080.080.060.070.070.07
  Government sector0.340.340.350.350.34--
  Higher education sector0.410.410.410.410.41--
  Total0.840.840.820.820.81--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector0.24--0.26--0.26--
  Government sector0.12--0.12--0.12--
  Higher education sector0.59--0.61--0.61--
  Private non-profit sector0.00--0.00--0.00--
  Total0.951.100.991.100.990.95
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector0.100.080.090.100.10--
  Government sector0.120.100.100.090.10--
  Higher education sector0.280.270.270.270.26--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.010.01--
  Total0.510.460.480.470.46--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector--0.08--0.07----
  Government sector--0.23--0.230.22--
  Higher education sector0.380.380.380.380.38--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.01----
  Total0.690.700.700.690.69--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector--0.08--0.080.08--
  Government sector--0.20--0.200.19--
  Higher education sector0.360.370.370.370.36--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.01----
  Total0.650.660.660.650.64--

R&D expenditure financed by the government sector, by sector of performance

% of total R&D expenditure financed by the government sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector18.3015.2414.98--17.06--
  Government sector18.6719.7319.37--21.22--
  Higher education sector62.7164.4965.16--61.17--
  Private non-profit sector0.330.550.49--0.55--
  Total3.851.631.54--2.44--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector6.373.863.362.983.14--
  Government sector18.7221.1422.4522.4622.19--
  Higher education sector74.9175.0074.1974.5674.67--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.00--
  Total--------0.00--
France
  Business enterprise sector13.7114.4414.8514.63----
  Government sector32.3031.4331.0531.00----
  Higher education sector52.6152.4752.2452.50----
  Private non-profit sector1.381.651.871.86----
  Total3.554.074.184.46----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector9.8410.127.767.928.23--
  Government sector41.1240.7642.5241.9141.44--
  Higher education sector49.0549.1249.7250.1750.37--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total------------
Austria
  Business enterprise sector25.53--26.32--26.20--
  Government sector12.98--11.72--12.23--
  Higher education sector61.39--61.87--61.50--
  Private non-profit sector0.10--0.09--0.08--
  Total1.381.161.251.311.501.59
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector19.3417.4119.6121.4020.78--
  Government sector23.1421.9221.2519.4620.58--
  Higher education sector55.6758.7057.0656.6955.68--
  Private non-profit sector1.851.972.092.452.97--
  Total5.956.656.166.387.25--

Regional data

No regional data available

Description

  •  13/03/2018

Intramural R&D expenditure financed by the government sector and performed on the national/regional territory, by the government sector itself, by the business enterprise sector, by the private non-profit sector, and by the higher education sector, as a percentage of GDP and of total R&D expenditure financed by the government sector. Government funded business R&D includes grants and payments for R&D contracts for procurement, but not R&D tax incentives, repayable loans or equity investments.

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices, and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services - other than higher education - which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided, and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations, and clinics operating under the direct control of, or administered by, or associated with higher education establishments. (Frascati Manual)

Other languages

  • Dépenses de R&D financées par le secteur de l'Etat
  • O&O-uitgaven gefinancierd door de overheidssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.