Total R&D expenditure

National data

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Total R&D expenditure

2020=target % of GDP

 20112012201320142015201620172020
Belgium2.162.272.332.392.472.49--3.00
Netherlands1.901.941.952.002.002.03--2.50
France2.192.232.242.232.272.25--3.00
Germany2.802.872.822.872.922.94--3.00
Austria2.672.912.953.073.053.09--3.76
United Kingdom1.671.601.651.671.671.69----
Euro Area 192.042.102.102.132.142.13----
Europe 281.972.012.022.032.042.03--3.00

Total R&D expenditure

millions of euro

 2011201220132014201520162017
Belgium8,171.008,809.199,156.959,551.2410,118.2010,517.68--
Netherlands12,235.3012,512.6212,746.0513,267.8613,695.7914,281.00--
France45,111.5146,519.0447,362.0547,918.7449,839.1350,099.33--
Germany75,569.0779,110.3879,729.5184,246.7788,781.8292,419.18--
Austria8,276.349,287.849,571.2810,222.3810,499.1510,906.09--
United Kingdom31,547.0733,303.7433,998.7137,960.0643,573.9940,451.50--
Euro Area 19200,083.18206,401.75208,878.49216,129.59224,849.28229,335.26--
Europe 28259,893.08269,978.70273,996.50285,084.24301,792.87302,929.00--

Regional data

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Total R&D expenditure

2020=target % of GDP

 2011201220132014201520162020
Belgium2.162.272.332.392.472.493.00
Brussels-Capital Region1.351.431.511.711.81----
Flemish Region2.312.482.542.582.67----
Walloon Region2.432.432.492.432.47----
Europe 281.972.012.022.032.042.033.00

Total R&D expenditure

millions of euro

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium8,171.008,809.199,156.959,551.2410,118.2010,517.68
Brussels-Capital Region956.901,026.581,089.491,235.211,338.28--
Flemish Region5,038.025,579.755,792.476,043.446,433.04--
Walloon Region2,176.092,202.852,275.002,272.592,346.89--
Europe 28259,893.08269,978.70273,996.50285,084.24301,792.87302,929.00

Description

Total intramural R&D expenditure (at current prices) (or gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD)) performed on the national/regional territory during a given year, in millions of euro and as a percentage of GDP. The indicator thus includes domestically performed R&D which is financed from abroad but excludes R&D funds paid abroad. "Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge - including knowledge of humankind, culture and society - and to devise new applications of available knowledge "(Frascati Manual, 2015 edition, par 44).

R&D intensity (R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP) is an indicator of high political importance at the EU, national and regional levels because this indicator measures the Europe 2020 strategy's headline target to invest 3% of EU's GDP in R&D.

Data for 2016 are provisional.

This indicator is also included in another database of the Federal Planning Bureau. It belongs to both the sets of sustainable development indicators and complementary indicators to the gross domestic product.

Other languages

  • Dépenses totales de R&D
  • Totale O&O-uitgaven

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.