Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

National data

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Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

% of GDP

 2011201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector1.481.591.621.671.721.73--
  Government sector0.170.190.200.210.230.24--
  Higher education sector0.480.480.510.490.500.50--
  Private non-profit sector0.020.010.010.010.010.02--
  Total2.162.272.332.392.472.49--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector1.081.101.091.121.121.16--
  Government sector0.210.230.240.240.240.23--
  Higher education sector0.620.610.630.640.640.64--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.00----
  Total1.901.941.952.002.002.03--
France
  Business enterprise sector1.401.441.451.451.451.43--
  Government sector0.300.290.290.290.290.29--
  Higher education sector0.460.460.470.460.500.49--
  Private non-profit sector0.030.030.030.030.040.04--
  Total2.192.232.242.232.272.25--
Germany
  Business enterprise sector1.891.951.901.942.002.00--
  Government sector0.410.410.420.420.410.40--
  Higher education sector0.500.510.510.510.500.54--
  Private non-profit sector--------------
  Total2.802.872.822.872.922.94--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector1.842.052.092.192.182.20--
  Government sector0.140.130.130.140.140.14--
  Higher education sector0.680.720.720.730.720.73--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.010.010.010.010.02--
  Total2.672.912.953.073.053.09--
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector1.061.021.051.091.111.13--
  Government sector0.140.130.130.120.110.11--
  Higher education sector0.440.430.440.430.420.41--
  Private non-profit sector0.030.030.030.030.030.03--
  Total1.671.601.651.671.671.69--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector1.291.341.331.361.371.37--
  Government sector0.270.280.280.280.280.27--
  Higher education sector0.460.460.470.470.470.47--
  Private non-profit sector0.020.020.020.020.020.02--
  Total2.042.102.102.132.142.13--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector1.241.271.281.301.311.32--
  Government sector0.250.250.250.240.240.23--
  Higher education sector0.460.470.470.470.470.47--
  Private non-profit sector0.020.020.020.020.020.02--
  Total1.972.012.022.032.042.03--

Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

% of total R&D expenditure

 2011201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector68.7069.8069.4269.9069.9469.71--
  Government sector8.068.488.479.009.199.51--
  Higher education sector22.3421.3221.7420.6520.3320.17--
  Private non-profit sector0.900.400.370.460.550.62--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector56.5756.5655.6656.0356.0056.94--
  Government sector10.7811.8412.2311.8511.9311.55--
  Higher education sector32.6431.6032.1132.1232.0831.51--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.00----
France
  Business enterprise sector63.9564.5864.5964.9763.7263.61--
  Government sector13.8513.1613.0612.8612.7612.88--
  Higher education sector20.9520.8320.8820.6321.9921.95--
  Private non-profit sector1.251.441.471.541.541.56--
Germany
  Business enterprise sector67.5967.9967.1967.6568.6567.98--
  Government sector14.5214.3414.8814.6214.0613.74--
  Higher education sector17.8917.6717.9417.7217.2818.28--
  Private non-profit sector--------------
Austria
  Business enterprise sector68.7870.4270.8271.2571.4271.42--
  Government sector5.144.584.444.544.584.58--
  Higher education sector25.5924.5724.3223.7423.5123.51--
  Private non-profit sector0.490.440.420.470.490.49--
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector63.5863.3463.8965.1566.0467.04--
  Government sector8.588.057.907.266.636.35--
  Higher education sector26.0326.7026.4225.7825.3224.56--
  Private non-profit sector1.811.911.791.812.012.06--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector63.2963.8163.4864.0064.1464.25--
  Government sector13.4313.3213.4213.2513.0312.82--
  Higher education sector22.4422.0722.3621.9922.0522.19--
  Private non-profit sector0.840.800.730.760.770.74--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector63.1863.4963.4163.9564.3264.93--
  Government sector12.4712.2712.2511.9911.6911.20--
  Higher education sector23.4623.3623.5223.2123.1023.01--
  Private non-profit sector0.900.890.810.850.890.87--

Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

millions of euro

 2011201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector5,613.406,148.966,356.846,675.977,076.367,331.42--
  Government sector658.60747.08775.19859.26929.38999.92--
  Higher education sector1,825.501,877.941,990.761,972.322,056.862,121.08--
  Private non-profit sector73.6035.2234.1643.7055.6065.26--
  Total8,171.008,809.199,156.959,551.2410,118.2010,517.68--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector6,921.747,077.627,094.807,433.437,669.008,132.00--
  Government sector1,319.391,481.641,558.901,572.251,633.511,649.00--
  Higher education sector3,994.173,953.354,092.354,262.184,393.284,500.00--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.00----
  Total12,235.3012,512.6212,746.0513,267.8613,695.7914,281.00--
France
  Business enterprise sector28,850.6030,041.4030,589.6731,132.9431,756.3831,865.80--
  Government sector6,248.996,119.706,185.186,163.096,357.146,453.84--
  Higher education sector9,449.389,689.199,889.109,883.8110,957.7110,999.17--
  Private non-profit sector562.58668.83698.11738.90767.90780.52--
  Total45,111.5146,519.0447,362.0547,918.7449,839.1350,099.33--
Germany
  Business enterprise sector51,077.2053,790.1053,566.2056,996.5060,952.0062,826.00--
  Government sector10,974.3011,340.5511,861.6412,319.9712,485.6112,700.00--
  Higher education sector13,517.5713,979.7314,301.7114,930.3015,344.2116,893.18--
  Private non-profit sector--------------
  Total75,569.0779,110.3879,729.5184,246.7788,781.8292,419.18--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector5,692.846,540.466,778.427,283.707,498.497,789.13--
  Government sector425.22425.15424.89464.34481.11499.76--
  Higher education sector2,117.552,281.632,327.752,426.312,468.212,563.87--
  Private non-profit sector40.7240.6140.2248.0251.3453.33--
  Total8,276.349,287.849,571.2810,222.3810,499.1510,906.09--
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector20,057.8421,095.9421,721.1824,730.0628,775.4227,118.98--
  Government sector2,706.302,679.742,685.622,756.732,889.362,567.42--
  Higher education sector8,211.328,893.218,981.879,786.0111,035.009,932.89--
  Private non-profit sector571.61634.85610.03687.26874.21832.22--
  Total31,547.0733,303.7433,998.7137,960.0643,573.9940,451.50--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector126,637.17131,704.61132,601.86138,333.27144,229.26147,341.97--
  Government sector26,870.2027,487.8028,037.9028,632.3229,306.0029,398.96--
  Higher education sector44,902.3345,560.6746,706.2347,523.0549,582.3150,890.82--
  Private non-profit sector1,673.481,648.681,532.501,640.951,731.721,703.51--
  Total200,083.18206,401.75208,878.49216,129.59224,849.28229,335.26--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector164,188.70171,405.66173,750.44182,316.44194,113.44196,684.32--
  Government sector32,406.0033,118.3433,562.9934,182.9935,282.7133,921.48--
  Higher education sector60,959.2763,064.6464,451.7866,162.9769,709.9269,701.71--
  Private non-profit sector2,339.102,390.062,231.292,421.842,686.802,621.48--
  Total259,893.08269,978.70273,996.50285,084.24301,792.87302,929.00--

Regional data

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Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

% of GDP

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector1.481.591.621.671.721.73
  Government sector0.170.190.200.210.230.24
  Higher education sector0.480.480.510.490.500.50
  Private non-profit sector0.020.010.010.010.010.02
  Total2.162.272.332.392.472.49
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector0.680.730.750.931.01--
  Government sector0.130.150.170.190.21--
  Higher education sector0.500.520.570.550.55--
  Private non-profit sector0.040.030.030.040.05--
  Total1.351.431.511.711.81--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector1.571.731.761.811.88--
  Government sector0.250.270.270.290.30--
  Higher education sector0.470.480.500.480.48--
  Private non-profit sector0.020.010.010.010.01--
  Total2.312.482.542.582.67--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector1.911.911.961.891.90--
  Government sector0.030.030.030.050.06--
  Higher education sector0.490.480.490.490.51--
  Private non-profit sector0.000.000.000.000.00--
  Total2.432.432.492.432.47--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector1.241.271.281.301.311.32
  Government sector0.250.250.250.240.240.23
  Higher education sector0.460.470.470.470.470.47
  Private non-profit sector0.020.020.020.020.020.02
  Total1.972.012.022.032.042.03

Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

% of total R&D expenditure

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector68.7069.8069.4269.9069.9469.71
  Government sector8.068.488.479.009.199.51
  Higher education sector22.3421.3221.7420.6520.3320.17
  Private non-profit sector0.900.400.370.460.550.62
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector50.4251.0549.4654.5055.73--
  Government sector9.7010.8111.1311.1011.42--
  Higher education sector36.9336.1437.6032.1130.35--
  Private non-profit sector2.952.001.812.292.50--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector67.9669.7569.4470.0670.34--
  Government sector10.6710.8410.7411.1411.25--
  Higher education sector20.4719.1519.5718.5418.06--
  Private non-profit sector0.900.260.250.250.34--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector78.4578.6878.9377.8376.92--
  Government sector1.291.431.402.142.24--
  Higher education sector20.2519.9019.6720.0320.83--
  Private non-profit sector0.010.000.000.000.00--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector63.1863.4963.4163.9564.3264.93
  Government sector12.4712.2712.2511.9911.6911.20
  Higher education sector23.4623.3623.5223.2123.1023.01
  Private non-profit sector0.900.890.810.850.890.87

Total R&D expenditure by sector of performance

millions of euro

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector5,613.406,148.966,356.846,675.977,076.367,331.42
  Government sector658.60747.08775.19859.26929.38999.92
  Higher education sector1,825.501,877.941,990.761,972.322,056.862,121.08
  Private non-profit sector73.6035.2234.1643.7055.6065.26
  Total8,171.008,809.199,156.959,551.2410,118.2010,517.68
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector482.46524.05538.89673.14745.79--
  Government sector92.83110.96121.30137.16152.86--
  Higher education sector353.38371.00409.60396.61406.22--
  Private non-profit sector28.2420.5719.7028.2933.41--
  Total956.901,026.581,089.491,235.211,338.28--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector3,423.783,891.734,022.364,234.104,525.26--
  Government sector537.60604.70621.98673.51723.99--
  Higher education sector1,031.441,068.681,133.671,120.501,161.69--
  Private non-profit sector45.2014.6414.4615.3322.10--
  Total5,038.025,579.755,792.476,043.446,433.04--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector1,707.141,733.181,795.591,768.731,805.32--
  Government sector28.1631.4131.9148.5852.54--
  Higher education sector440.64438.26447.49455.20488.95--
  Private non-profit sector0.150.000.000.080.08--
  Total2,176.092,202.852,275.002,272.592,346.89--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector164,188.70171,405.66173,750.44182,316.44194,113.44196,684.32
  Government sector32,406.0033,118.3433,562.9934,182.9935,282.7133,921.48
  Higher education sector60,959.2763,064.6464,451.7866,162.9769,709.9269,701.71
  Private non-profit sector2,339.102,390.062,231.292,421.842,686.802,621.48
  Total259,893.08269,978.70273,996.50285,084.24301,792.87302,929.00

Description

  •  06/11/2018

R&D expenditure (from all sources of funding) performed, on national territory, by the business enterprise sector (BERD), the higher education sector (HERD), the government sector (GORD), and the private non-profit sector (PNP), in millions of euro and as a percentage of GDP and as % of total intramural R&D expenditure (at current prices).

The Business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price, and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The Government sector is composed of all departments, offices, and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services - other than higher education - which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided, and administer the state, and the economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The Private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The Higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations, and clinics operating under the direct control of, or administered by, or associated with higher education establishments. (Frascati Manual)

Data for 2016 are provisional.

Other languages

  • Dépenses totales de R&D par secteur d'exécution
  • Totale O&O-uitgaven per uitvoeringssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.