Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

National data

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector38.538.338.238.8----
  Higher education sector46.246.646.747.6----
  Private non-profit sector50.549.045.248.1----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector19.020.020.019.520.0--
  Government sector42.238.737.139.538.2--
  Higher education sector43.343.844.244.545.1--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total27.928.328.428.228.2--
France
  Business enterprise sector23.323.523.8------
  Government sector42.342.743.0------
  Higher education sector36.936.542.0------
  Private non-profit sector50.451.951.0------
  Total29.729.731.5------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--18.9--18.6----
  Government sector39.239.740.140.240.5--
  Higher education sector42.043.143.143.442.8--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total--27.7--27.2----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--15.8--15.7----
  Government sector--46.3--46.4----
  Higher education sector--42.7--43.2----
  Private non-profit sector--52.0--54.8----
  Total--24.0--23.9----
United Kingdom
  Government sector34.934.134.338.838.9--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector--25.8--27.5----
  Government sector40.140.239.740.2----
  Higher education sector45.946.146.047.7----
  Private non-profit sector52.552.148.451.0----
  Total--35.5--36.4----
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector18.318.919.118.018.2--
  Government sector43.440.639.042.741.7--
  Higher education sector45.846.446.747.047.6--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total26.326.626.626.626.6--
France
  Business enterprise sector21.922.322.4------
  Government sector43.343.743.4------
  Higher education sector35.735.441.2------
  Private non-profit sector51.350.751.9------
  Total28.528.630.4------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--19.3--19.1----
  Government sector42.442.943.343.543.8--
  Higher education sector43.544.444.644.845.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total--32.3--32.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--17.5--17.3----
  Government sector--49.1--49.5----
  Higher education sector--46.5--46.2----
  Private non-profit sector--52.8--57.2----
  Total--30.5--30.2----
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector22.524.423.324.324.4--
  Government sector37.036.936.540.440.5--
  Higher education sector43.744.043.544.744.9--
  Private non-profit sector44.644.046.148.749.6--
  Total36.136.435.236.336.2--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector--21.8--22.0----
  Government sector46.346.346.146.746.8--
  Higher education sector44.444.645.445.545.7--
  Private non-profit sector50.952.753.4------
  Total--33.8--34.1----
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector--22.6--22.6----
  Government sector46.446.346.447.047.5--
  Higher education sector44.644.945.245.645.8--
  Private non-profit sector49.750.751.952.8----
  Total--34.9--35.0----

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector2,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0----
  Higher education sector10,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0----
  Private non-profit sector156.0154.0131.0186.0----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector14,566.015,476.015,336.015,794.017,133.0--
  Government sector5,697.05,222.05,233.05,671.05,340.0--
  Higher education sector13,849.014,166.014,677.014,956.015,002.0--
  Private non-profit sector------0.00.0--
  Total34,112.034,864.035,246.036,420.037,475.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector57,496.058,989.058,989.0------
  Government sector21,119.021,358.021,395.0------
  Higher education sector40,116.040,100.046,959.0------
  Private non-profit sector3,348.03,547.03,891.0------
  Total122,253.0123,994.0131,234.0------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--67,931.0--75,372.0----
  Government sector37,618.038,931.040,493.040,891.041,748.0--
  Higher education sector53,753.056,012.057,078.058,195.060,640.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total--162,874.0--174,458.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--7,322.0--7,933.0----
  Government sector--1,176.0--1,242.0----
  Higher education sector--7,189.0--7,638.0----
  Private non-profit sector--206.0--278.0----
  Total--15,892.0--17,091.0----
United Kingdom
  Government sector5,892.05,650.05,580.05,667.05,654.0--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector2,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0----
  Higher education sector10,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0----
  Private non-profit sector156.0154.0131.0186.0----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector14,566.015,476.015,336.015,794.017,133.0--
  Government sector5,697.05,222.05,233.05,671.05,340.0--
  Higher education sector13,849.014,166.014,677.014,956.015,002.0--
  Private non-profit sector------0.00.0--
  Total34,112.034,864.035,246.036,420.037,475.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector57,496.058,989.058,989.0------
  Government sector21,119.021,358.021,395.0------
  Higher education sector40,116.040,100.046,959.0------
  Private non-profit sector3,348.03,547.03,891.0------
  Total122,253.0123,994.0131,234.0------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--67,931.0--75,372.0----
  Government sector37,618.038,931.040,493.040,891.041,748.0--
  Higher education sector53,753.056,012.057,078.058,195.060,640.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total--162,874.0--174,458.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--7,322.0--7,933.0----
  Government sector--1,176.0--1,242.0----
  Higher education sector--7,189.0--7,638.0----
  Private non-profit sector--206.0--278.0----
  Total--15,892.0--17,091.0----
United Kingdom
  Government sector5,892.05,650.05,580.05,667.05,654.0--

Regional data

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector38.538.338.238.8----
  Higher education sector46.246.646.747.6----
  Private non-profit sector50.549.045.248.1----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector45.145.046.947.3----
  Higher education sector45.444.945.846.4----
  Private non-profit sector59.959.359.062.7----
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector35.435.335.235.7----
  Higher education sector46.947.947.848.2----
  Private non-profit sector31.130.226.731.8----
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector37.637.537.537.0----
  Higher education sector44.944.444.747.4----
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total------------

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector--25.8--27.5----
  Government sector40.140.239.740.2----
  Higher education sector45.946.146.047.7----
  Private non-profit sector52.552.148.451.0----
  Total--35.5--36.4----
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector--27.0--28.7----
  Government sector47.047.248.848.6----
  Higher education sector43.943.944.346.2----
  Private non-profit sector60.461.160.363.9----
  Total--38.4--39.0----
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector--23.7--24.4----
  Government sector36.937.136.437.0----
  Higher education sector46.847.247.247.7----
  Private non-profit sector36.435.931.936.1----
  Total--34.1--34.2----
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector--30.8--35.1----
  Government sector39.539.239.338.9----
  Higher education sector45.445.344.748.8----
  Private non-profit sector--0.050.050.0----
  Total--37.3--40.5----
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector--22.6--22.6----
  Government sector46.446.346.447.047.5--
  Higher education sector44.644.945.245.645.8--
  Private non-profit sector49.750.751.952.8----
  Total--34.9--35.0----

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector2,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0----
  Higher education sector10,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0----
  Private non-profit sector156.0154.0131.0186.0----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector784.9785.9725.3792.0----
  Higher education sector1,835.61,825.52,046.52,373.7----
  Private non-profit sector124.6120.197.4127.9----
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector1,322.41,357.01,502.11,514.4----
  Higher education sector6,285.56,615.66,700.06,817.5----
  Private non-profit sector31.533.733.057.8----
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector130.3128.9210.9205.6----
  Higher education sector2,389.42,343.82,346.73,264.4----
  Private non-profit sector0.00.00.30.3----
  Total------------

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector2,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0----
  Higher education sector10,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0----
  Private non-profit sector156.0154.0131.0186.0----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector--1,707.0--2,418.0----
  Government sector928.0928.0841.0915.0----
  Higher education sector3,890.03,916.04,398.04,073.0----
  Private non-profit sector145.0143.0117.0152.0----
  Total--6,694.0--7,558.0----
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector--7,634.0--9,369.0----
  Government sector1,512.01,577.01,717.01,747.0----
  Higher education sector11,161.011,563.012,469.012,753.0----
  Private non-profit sector43.047.045.074.0----
  Total--20,821.0--23,943.0----
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector--3,677.0--4,991.0----
  Government sector146.0144.0238.0250.0----
  Higher education sector4,384.04,342.04,680.04,554.0----
  Private non-profit sector--0.02.02.0----
  Total--8,163.0--9,797.0----

Description

  •  24/05/2019

R&D personnel is defined as all the persons directly employed in R&D, as well as those providing direct services such as R&D managers, administrators, and clerical staff.

The share of women R&D personnel among total R&D personnel in full time equivalent and head count in all institutional sectors is shown. FTE (Full-time equivalent) corresponds to one year's work by one person (for example, a person who devotes 40 % of his time to R&D is counted as 0.4 FTE).

Four sectors of performance are identified :

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price, and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education establishments. (Definitions from the Frascati Manual).

Other languages

  • Personnel féminin de R&D par secteur d'exécution
  • Vrouwelijk O&O-personeel per uitvoeringssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.