Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

National data

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Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector25.5----------
  Government sector35.438.538.338.238.8--
  Higher education sector46.346.246.646.747.6--
  Private non-profit sector48.050.549.045.248.1--
  Total33.9----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector18.919.020.020.019.5--
  Government sector34.642.238.737.139.5--
  Higher education sector42.943.343.844.244.5--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total27.027.928.328.428.2--
France
  Business enterprise sector23.123.323.523.8----
  Government sector42.242.342.743.0----
  Higher education sector37.136.936.542.0----
  Private non-profit sector53.550.451.951.0----
  Total29.629.729.731.5----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector19.3--18.9--18.6--
  Government sector39.039.239.740.140.2--
  Higher education sector41.942.043.143.143.4--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total27.4--27.7--27.2--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector16.3--15.8--15.7--
  Government sector45.4--46.3--46.4--
  Higher education sector42.5--42.7--43.2--
  Private non-profit sector52.4--52.0--54.8--
  Total24.7--24.0--23.9--
United Kingdom
  Government sector34.934.934.134.338.8--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector27.5--25.8--27.5--
  Government sector36.440.140.239.740.2--
  Higher education sector45.645.946.146.047.7--
  Private non-profit sector48.352.552.148.451.0--
  Total36.3--35.5--36.4--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector18.118.318.919.118.0--
  Government sector35.943.440.639.042.7--
  Higher education sector45.445.846.446.747.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total25.526.326.626.626.6--
France
  Business enterprise sector21.921.922.322.4----
  Government sector43.343.343.743.4----
  Higher education sector36.035.735.441.2----
  Private non-profit sector52.151.350.751.9----
  Total28.828.528.630.4----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector19.5--19.3--19.1--
  Government sector42.042.442.943.343.5--
  Higher education sector43.243.544.444.644.8--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total31.4--32.3--32.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector17.3--17.5--17.3--
  Government sector48.8--49.1--49.5--
  Higher education sector45.9--46.5--46.2--
  Private non-profit sector53.6--52.8--57.2--
  Total30.6--30.5--30.2--
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector22.922.524.423.324.3--
  Government sector35.837.036.936.540.4--
  Higher education sector43.643.744.043.544.7--
  Private non-profit sector44.644.644.046.148.7--
  Total36.236.136.435.236.3--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector21.7--21.8--22.0--
  Government sector45.746.346.346.146.7--
  Higher education sector44.044.444.645.445.5--
  Private non-profit sector50.850.952.753.4----
  Total33.6--33.8--34.1--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector22.4--22.6--22.7--
  Government sector45.946.446.346.547.2--
  Higher education sector44.244.644.945.345.8--
  Private non-profit sector49.749.750.752.153.0--
  Total34.7--34.9--35.1--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector8,923.0----------
  Government sector1,617.02,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0--
  Higher education sector10,523.010,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0--
  Private non-profit sector289.0156.0154.0131.0186.0--
  Total21,352.0----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector14,003.014,566.015,476.015,336.015,794.0--
  Government sector3,888.05,697.05,222.05,233.05,671.0--
  Higher education sector13,801.013,849.014,166.014,677.014,956.0--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.0--
  Total31,692.034,112.034,864.035,246.036,420.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector55,272.057,496.058,989.058,989.0----
  Government sector20,961.021,119.021,358.021,395.0----
  Higher education sector39,978.040,116.040,100.046,959.0----
  Private non-profit sector3,108.03,348.03,547.03,891.0----
  Total119,318.0122,253.0123,994.0131,234.0----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector68,896.0--67,931.0--75,372.0--
  Government sector36,504.037,618.038,931.040,493.040,891.0--
  Higher education sector52,040.053,753.056,012.057,078.058,195.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total157,439.0--162,874.0--174,458.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector6,866.0--7,322.0--7,933.0--
  Government sector1,165.0--1,176.0--1,242.0--
  Higher education sector6,847.0--7,189.0--7,638.0--
  Private non-profit sector215.0--206.0--278.0--
  Total15,092.0--15,892.0--17,091.0--
United Kingdom
  Government sector5,904.05,892.05,650.05,580.05,667.0--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector8,923.0----------
  Government sector1,617.02,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0--
  Higher education sector10,523.010,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0--
  Private non-profit sector289.0156.0154.0131.0186.0--
  Total21,352.0----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector14,003.014,566.015,476.015,336.015,794.0--
  Government sector3,888.05,697.05,222.05,233.05,671.0--
  Higher education sector13,801.013,849.014,166.014,677.014,956.0--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.0--
  Total31,692.034,112.034,864.035,246.036,420.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector55,272.057,496.058,989.058,989.0----
  Government sector20,961.021,119.021,358.021,395.0----
  Higher education sector39,978.040,116.040,100.046,959.0----
  Private non-profit sector3,108.03,348.03,547.03,891.0----
  Total119,318.0122,253.0123,994.0131,234.0----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector68,896.0--67,931.0--75,372.0--
  Government sector36,504.037,618.038,931.040,493.040,891.0--
  Higher education sector52,040.053,753.056,012.057,078.058,195.0--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total157,439.0--162,874.0--174,458.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector6,866.0--7,322.0--7,933.0--
  Government sector1,165.0--1,176.0--1,242.0--
  Higher education sector6,847.0--7,189.0--7,638.0--
  Private non-profit sector215.0--206.0--278.0--
  Total15,092.0--15,892.0--17,091.0--
United Kingdom
  Government sector5,904.05,892.05,650.05,580.05,667.0--

Regional data

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Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector25.5----------
  Government sector35.438.538.338.238.8--
  Higher education sector46.346.246.646.747.6--
  Private non-profit sector48.050.549.045.248.1--
  Total33.9----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--45.145.046.947.3--
  Higher education sector--45.444.945.846.4--
  Private non-profit sector--59.959.359.062.7--
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--35.435.335.235.7--
  Higher education sector--46.947.947.848.2--
  Private non-profit sector--31.130.226.731.8--
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--37.637.537.537.0--
  Higher education sector--44.944.444.747.4--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total------------

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

% of total R&D personnel head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector27.5--25.8--27.5--
  Government sector36.440.140.239.740.2--
  Higher education sector45.645.946.146.047.7--
  Private non-profit sector48.352.552.148.451.0--
  Total36.3--35.5--36.4--
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector30.8--27.0--28.7--
  Government sector39.647.047.248.848.6--
  Higher education sector--43.943.944.346.2--
  Private non-profit sector60.360.461.160.363.9--
  Total--------39.0--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector25.4--23.7--24.4--
  Government sector35.536.937.136.437.0--
  Higher education sector--46.847.247.247.7--
  Private non-profit sector42.036.435.931.936.1--
  Total--------34.2--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector31.0--30.8--35.1--
  Government sector34.239.539.239.338.9--
  Higher education sector--45.445.344.748.8--
  Private non-profit sector------50.050.0--
  Total--------40.5--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector22.4--22.6--22.7--
  Government sector45.946.446.346.547.2--
  Higher education sector44.244.644.945.345.8--
  Private non-profit sector49.749.750.752.153.0--
  Total34.7--34.9--35.1--

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector8,923.0----------
  Government sector1,617.02,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0--
  Higher education sector10,523.010,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0--
  Private non-profit sector289.0156.0154.0131.0186.0--
  Total21,352.0----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--784.9785.9725.3792.0--
  Higher education sector--1,835.61,825.52,046.52,373.7--
  Private non-profit sector--124.6120.197.4127.9--
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--1,322.41,357.01,502.11,514.4--
  Higher education sector--6,285.56,615.66,700.06,817.5--
  Private non-profit sector--31.533.733.057.8--
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector--130.3128.9210.9205.6--
  Higher education sector--2,389.42,343.82,346.73,264.4--
  Private non-profit sector--0.00.00.30.3--
  Total------------

Female R&D personnel by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector8,923.0----------
  Government sector1,617.02,238.02,272.02,438.02,512.0--
  Higher education sector10,523.010,510.010,785.011,093.012,456.0--
  Private non-profit sector289.0156.0154.0131.0186.0--
  Total21,352.0----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector1,484.0--1,707.0--2,418.0--
  Government sector507.0928.0928.0841.0915.0--
  Higher education sector--3,890.03,916.04,398.04,073.0--
  Private non-profit sector135.0145.0143.0117.0152.0--
  Total--------7,558.0--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector7,215.0--7,634.0--9,369.0--
  Government sector1,327.01,512.01,577.01,717.01,747.0--
  Higher education sector--11,161.011,563.012,469.012,753.0--
  Private non-profit sector172.043.047.045.074.0--
  Total--------23,943.0--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector3,967.0--3,677.0--4,991.0--
  Government sector130.0146.0144.0238.0250.0--
  Higher education sector--4,384.04,342.04,680.04,554.0--
  Private non-profit sector----0.02.02.0--
  Total--------9,797.0--

Description

  •  16/10/2018

R&D personnel is defined as all the persons directly employed in R&D, as well as those providing direct services such as R&D managers, administrators, and clerical staff.

The share of women R&D personnel among total R&D personnel in full time equivalent and head count in all institutional sectors is shown. FTE (Full-time equivalent) corresponds to one year's work by one person (for example, a person who devotes 40 % of his time to R&D is counted as 0.4 FTE).

Four sectors of performance are identified :

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price, and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education establishments. (Definitions from the Frascati Manual).

Other languages

  • Personnel féminin de R&D par secteur d'exécution
  • Vrouwelijk O&O-personeel per uitvoeringssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.