Female researchers by sector of performance

National data

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector21.8----------
  Government sector33.634.534.835.436.1--
  Higher education sector43.043.043.243.443.6--
  Private non-profit sector36.744.842.941.046.4--
  Total31.7----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector16.015.917.617.218.4--
  Government sector32.539.335.735.538.5--
  Higher education sector38.438.738.939.439.8--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total25.525.225.525.626.7--
France
  Business enterprise sector20.220.320.520.5----
  Government sector34.834.936.034.9----
  Higher education sector34.334.333.935.9----
  Private non-profit sector44.443.342.340.1----
  Total26.026.026.126.5----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector13.9--13.7--14.3--
  Government sector30.831.632.031.932.4--
  Higher education sector33.734.135.435.436.2--
  Total22.1--22.7--22.6--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector15.3--15.7--15.5--
  Government sector41.2--42.4--43.3--
  Higher education sector34.3--34.8--35.9--
  Private non-profit sector41.7--39.5--46.3--
  Total22.8--23.0--23.2--
United Kingdom
  Government sector32.533.333.433.236.2--

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector26.1--24.9--27.1--
  Government sector33.535.836.536.737.2--
  Higher education sector40.140.641.040.541.6--
  Private non-profit sector36.045.444.344.249.1--
  Total33.5--33.4--34.1--
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector14.915.415.715.117.0--
  Government sector33.640.536.837.441.6--
  Higher education sector40.841.141.441.842.2--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total24.224.023.623.425.4--
France
  Business enterprise sector19.619.819.920.0----
  Government sector35.235.435.735.0----
  Higher education sector33.333.333.235.4----
  Private non-profit sector42.040.040.041.7----
  Total25.625.525.526.1----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector14.2--14.1--14.7--
  Government sector33.534.434.934.935.4--
  Higher education sector36.336.937.938.238.7--
  Total26.8--27.9--28.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector16.3--17.6--17.1--
  Government sector44.0--45.7--46.5--
  Higher education sector38.9--39.7--39.9--
  Private non-profit sector43.4--42.9--48.8--
  Total29.0--29.6--29.5--
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector19.119.420.720.321.1--
  Government sector33.435.636.935.737.8--
  Higher education sector44.444.544.644.145.3--
  Private non-profit sector40.540.539.644.548.7--
  Total37.737.838.137.438.6--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector19.1--19.3--19.8--
  Government sector40.441.241.241.242.0--
  Higher education sector39.039.639.940.340.6--
  Private non-profit sector45.845.847.247.6----
  Total31.1--31.4--31.7--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector19.7--20.0--20.2--
  Government sector40.941.541.541.842.7--
  Higher education sector40.741.141.541.742.3--
  Private non-profit sector44.744.845.347.248.8--
  Total33.0--33.2--33.6--

Female researchers by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector4,658.0----------
  Government sector934.01,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0--
  Higher education sector7,845.07,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0--
  Private non-profit sector108.081.081.089.0140.0--
  Total13,545.0----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector5,389.06,937.08,239.07,838.08,790.0--
  Government sector2,200.03,372.03,079.03,059.03,447.0--
  Higher education sector8,040.08,125.08,258.08,628.08,881.0--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.0--
  Total15,629.018,434.019,576.019,525.021,118.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector29,917.031,700.033,158.033,158.0----
  Government sector9,318.09,557.010,161.09,856.0----
  Higher education sector24,381.024,678.024,676.026,375.0----
  Private non-profit sector1,257.01,392.01,423.01,550.0----
  Total64,873.067,327.069,418.070,939.0----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector26,485.0--27,136.0--32,926.0--
  Government sector16,696.017,571.018,153.016,881.017,475.0--
  Higher education sector31,585.033,181.035,064.035,759.037,355.0--
  Total74,766.0--80,353.0--87,756.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector3,541.0--4,054.0--4,319.0--
  Government sector622.0--664.0--728.0--
  Higher education sector4,189.0--4,466.0--4,905.0--
  Private non-profit sector111.0--103.0--162.0--
  Total8,463.0--9,286.0--10,114.0--
United Kingdom
  Government sector2,457.02,571.02,553.02,578.02,552.0--

Female researchers by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector4,658.0----------
  Government sector934.01,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0--
  Higher education sector7,845.07,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0--
  Private non-profit sector108.081.081.089.0140.0--
  Total13,545.0----------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector5,389.06,937.08,239.07,838.08,790.0--
  Government sector2,200.03,372.03,079.03,059.03,447.0--
  Higher education sector8,040.08,125.08,258.08,628.08,881.0--
  Private non-profit sector--------0.0--
  Total15,629.018,434.019,576.019,525.021,118.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector29,917.031,700.033,158.033,158.0----
  Government sector9,318.09,557.010,161.09,856.0----
  Higher education sector24,381.024,678.024,676.026,375.0----
  Private non-profit sector1,257.01,392.01,423.01,550.0----
  Total64,873.067,327.069,418.070,939.0----
Germany
  Business enterprise sector26,485.0--27,136.0--32,926.0--
  Government sector16,696.017,571.018,153.016,881.017,475.0--
  Higher education sector31,585.033,181.035,064.035,759.037,355.0--
  Total74,766.0--80,353.0--87,756.0--
Austria
  Business enterprise sector3,541.0--4,054.0--4,319.0--
  Government sector622.0--664.0--728.0--
  Higher education sector4,189.0--4,466.0--4,905.0--
  Private non-profit sector111.0--103.0--162.0--
  Total8,463.0--9,286.0--10,114.0--
United Kingdom
  Government sector2,457.02,571.02,553.02,578.02,552.0--

Regional data

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

The chart will appear within this DIV.

Click on legend items to hide/unhide dataseries

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector21.8----------
  Government sector33.634.534.835.436.1--
  Higher education sector43.043.043.243.443.6--
  Private non-profit sector36.744.842.941.046.4--
  Total31.7----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector23.5----------
  Government sector37.041.241.045.045.1--
  Higher education sector--42.042.042.643.1--
  Private non-profit sector47.652.752.851.257.6--
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector20.7----------
  Government sector32.731.531.931.732.4--
  Higher education sector--43.143.643.844.2--
  Private non-profit sector33.030.429.226.833.3--
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector24.0----------
  Government sector29.135.034.435.335.4--
  Higher education sector--43.743.243.242.6--
  Private non-profit sector------30.030.0--
  Total------------

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector26.1--24.9--27.1--
  Government sector33.535.836.536.737.2--
  Higher education sector40.140.641.040.541.6--
  Private non-profit sector36.045.444.344.249.1--
  Total33.5--33.4--34.1--
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector29.9--23.9--27.8--
  Government sector37.743.043.746.846.4--
  Higher education sector--39.039.539.341.4--
  Private non-profit sector47.452.352.852.458.6--
  Total--------36.5--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector23.5--24.0--23.3--
  Government sector32.732.333.032.633.1--
  Higher education sector--40.741.140.841.4--
  Private non-profit sector32.433.332.232.737.6--
  Total--------31.8--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector30.3--28.1--36.0--
  Government sector24.737.937.338.138.5--
  Higher education sector--42.242.040.842.5--
  Private non-profit sector------50.050.0--
  Total--------38.6--
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector19.7--20.0--20.2--
  Government sector40.941.541.541.842.7--
  Higher education sector40.741.141.541.742.3--
  Private non-profit sector44.744.845.347.248.8--
  Total33.0--33.2--33.6--

Female researchers by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector4,658.0----------
  Government sector934.01,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0--
  Higher education sector7,845.07,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0--
  Private non-profit sector108.081.081.089.0140.0--
  Total13,545.0----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector534.2----------
  Government sector262.5439.9449.6474.4505.0--
  Higher education sector--1,386.91,428.11,582.91,802.6--
  Private non-profit sector34.460.558.863.994.4--
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector2,862.4----------
  Government sector629.4735.5758.7860.6848.7--
  Higher education sector--4,723.14,920.34,990.55,088.4--
  Private non-profit sector73.320.222.524.545.5--
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector1,261.2----------
  Government sector42.164.863.1102.8105.7--
  Higher education sector--1,786.91,759.21,747.11,985.1--
  Private non-profit sector0.00.00.00.30.3--
  Total------------

Female researchers by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201120122013201420152016
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector4,658.0----------
  Government sector934.01,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0--
  Higher education sector7,845.07,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0--
  Private non-profit sector108.081.081.089.0140.0--
  Total13,545.0----------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector937.0--1,065.0--1,571.0--
  Government sector298.0519.0538.0552.0584.0--
  Higher education sector--2,711.02,819.03,093.02,764.0--
  Private non-profit sector36.069.066.077.0112.0--
  Total--------5,031.0--
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector4,059.0--4,561.0--5,141.0--
  Government sector734.0824.0868.0968.0965.0--
  Higher education sector--6,994.07,282.07,805.07,986.0--
  Private non-profit sector77.025.028.035.059.0--
  Total--------14,151.0--
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector2,394.0--1,946.0--3,318.0--
  Government sector45.077.075.0122.0126.0--
  Higher education sector--3,069.03,038.03,252.02,520.0--
  Private non-profit sector0.00.00.02.02.0--
  Total--------5,966.0--

Description

  •  16/10/2018

Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, and systems, and in the management of the projects concerned. The share of women researchers among total researchers in full time equivalent and head count in all institutional sectors is shown. FTE (Full-time equivalent) corresponds to one year's work by one person (for example, a person who devotes 40 % of his time to R&D is counted as 0.4 FTE).

Four sectors of performance are identified.

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price, and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education establishments. (Definitions from the Frascati Manual).

Other languages

  • Chercheuses par secteur d'exécution
  • Vrouwelijke onderzoekers per uitvoeringssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.