Female researchers by sector of performance

National data

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Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector34.534.835.436.1----
  Higher education sector43.043.243.443.6----
  Private non-profit sector44.842.941.046.4----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector15.917.617.218.419.0--
  Government sector39.335.735.538.538.0--
  Higher education sector38.738.939.439.840.3--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total25.225.525.626.726.9--
France
  Business enterprise sector20.320.520.5------
  Government sector34.936.034.9------
  Higher education sector34.333.935.9------
  Private non-profit sector43.342.340.1------
  Total26.026.126.5------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--13.7--14.3----
  Government sector31.632.031.932.432.6--
  Higher education sector34.135.435.436.235.8--
  Total--22.7--22.6----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--15.7--15.5----
  Government sector--42.4--43.3----
  Higher education sector--34.8--35.9----
  Private non-profit sector--39.5--46.3----
  Total--23.0--23.2----
United Kingdom
  Government sector33.333.433.236.236.4--

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector--24.9--27.1----
  Government sector35.836.536.737.2----
  Higher education sector40.641.040.541.6----
  Private non-profit sector45.444.344.249.1----
  Total--33.4--34.1----
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector15.415.715.117.017.5--
  Government sector40.536.837.441.641.8--
  Higher education sector41.141.441.842.242.8--
  Private non-profit sector------------
  Total24.023.623.425.425.8--
France
  Business enterprise sector19.819.920.0------
  Government sector35.435.735.0------
  Higher education sector33.333.235.4------
  Private non-profit sector40.040.041.7------
  Total25.525.526.1------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--14.1--14.7----
  Government sector34.434.934.935.435.7--
  Higher education sector36.937.938.238.738.9--
  Total--27.9--28.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--17.6--17.1----
  Government sector--45.7--46.5----
  Higher education sector--39.7--39.9----
  Private non-profit sector--42.9--48.8----
  Total--29.6--29.5----
United Kingdom
  Business enterprise sector19.420.720.321.121.1--
  Government sector35.636.935.737.838.1--
  Higher education sector44.544.644.145.345.5--
  Private non-profit sector40.539.644.548.750.5--
  Total37.838.137.438.638.7--
Euro Area 19
  Business enterprise sector--19.3--19.8----
  Government sector41.241.241.242.042.3--
  Higher education sector39.640.040.340.640.7--
  Private non-profit sector45.847.247.6------
  Total--31.4--31.7----
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector--20.0--20.2----
  Government sector41.541.541.742.543.1--
  Higher education sector41.241.541.642.142.4--
  Private non-profit sector44.845.347.048.649.0--
  Total--33.2--33.4----

Female researchers by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector1,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0----
  Higher education sector7,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0----
  Private non-profit sector81.081.089.0140.0----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector6,937.08,239.07,838.08,790.09,514.0--
  Government sector3,372.03,079.03,059.03,447.03,310.0--
  Higher education sector8,125.08,258.08,628.08,881.08,962.0--
  Private non-profit sector------0.0----
  Total18,434.019,576.019,525.021,118.021,786.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector31,700.033,158.033,158.0------
  Government sector9,557.010,161.09,856.0------
  Higher education sector24,678.024,676.026,375.0------
  Private non-profit sector1,392.01,423.01,550.0------
  Total67,327.069,418.070,939.0------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--27,136.0--32,926.0----
  Government sector17,571.018,153.016,881.017,475.017,576.0--
  Higher education sector33,181.035,064.035,759.037,355.039,380.0--
  Total--80,353.0--87,756.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--4,054.0--4,319.0----
  Government sector--664.0--728.0----
  Higher education sector--4,466.0--4,905.0----
  Private non-profit sector--103.0--162.0----
  Total--9,286.0--10,114.0----
United Kingdom
  Government sector2,571.02,553.02,578.02,552.02,566.0--

Female researchers by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector1,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0----
  Higher education sector7,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0----
  Private non-profit sector81.081.089.0140.0----
  Total------------
Netherlands
  Business enterprise sector6,937.08,239.07,838.08,790.09,514.0--
  Government sector3,372.03,079.03,059.03,447.03,310.0--
  Higher education sector8,125.08,258.08,628.08,881.08,962.0--
  Private non-profit sector------0.0----
  Total18,434.019,576.019,525.021,118.021,786.0--
France
  Business enterprise sector31,700.033,158.033,158.0------
  Government sector9,557.010,161.09,856.0------
  Higher education sector24,678.024,676.026,375.0------
  Private non-profit sector1,392.01,423.01,550.0------
  Total67,327.069,418.070,939.0------
Germany
  Business enterprise sector--27,136.0--32,926.0----
  Government sector17,571.018,153.016,881.017,475.017,576.0--
  Higher education sector33,181.035,064.035,759.037,355.039,380.0--
  Total--80,353.0--87,756.0----
Austria
  Business enterprise sector--4,054.0--4,319.0----
  Government sector--664.0--728.0----
  Higher education sector--4,466.0--4,905.0----
  Private non-profit sector--103.0--162.0----
  Total--9,286.0--10,114.0----
United Kingdom
  Government sector2,571.02,553.02,578.02,552.02,566.0--

Regional data

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Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector34.534.835.436.1----
  Higher education sector43.043.243.443.6----
  Private non-profit sector44.842.941.046.4----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector41.241.045.045.1----
  Higher education sector42.042.042.643.1----
  Private non-profit sector52.752.851.257.6----
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector31.531.931.732.4----
  Higher education sector43.143.643.844.2----
  Private non-profit sector30.429.226.833.3----
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector35.034.435.335.4----
  Higher education sector43.743.243.242.6----
  Private non-profit sector0.00.030.030.0----
  Total------------

Female researchers by sector of performance

% of total researchers head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector--24.9--27.1----
  Government sector35.836.536.737.2----
  Higher education sector40.641.040.541.6----
  Private non-profit sector45.444.344.249.1----
  Total--33.4--34.1----
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector--23.9--27.8----
  Government sector43.043.746.846.4----
  Higher education sector39.039.539.341.4----
  Private non-profit sector52.352.852.458.6----
  Total--34.6--36.5----
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector--24.0--23.3----
  Government sector32.333.032.633.1----
  Higher education sector40.741.140.841.4----
  Private non-profit sector33.332.232.737.6----
  Total--32.3--31.8----
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector--28.1--36.0----
  Government sector37.937.338.138.5----
  Higher education sector42.242.040.842.5----
  Private non-profit sector0.00.050.050.0----
  Total--35.3--38.6----
Europe 28
  Business enterprise sector--20.0--20.2----
  Government sector41.541.541.742.543.1--
  Higher education sector41.241.541.642.142.4--
  Private non-profit sector44.845.347.048.649.0--
  Total--33.2--33.4----

Female researchers by sector of performance

FTE by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector1,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0----
  Higher education sector7,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0----
  Private non-profit sector81.081.089.0140.0----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector439.9449.6474.4505.0----
  Higher education sector1,386.91,428.11,582.91,802.6----
  Private non-profit sector60.558.863.994.4----
  Total------------
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector735.5758.7860.6848.7----
  Higher education sector4,723.14,920.34,990.55,088.4----
  Private non-profit sector20.222.524.545.5----
  Total------------
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector64.863.1102.8105.7----
  Higher education sector1,786.91,759.21,747.11,985.1----
  Private non-profit sector0.00.00.30.3----
  Total------------

Female researchers by sector of performance

head count by sector

 201220132014201520162017
Belgium
  Business enterprise sector------------
  Government sector1,240.01,271.01,438.01,459.0----
  Higher education sector7,897.08,108.08,320.08,876.0----
  Private non-profit sector81.081.089.0140.0----
  Total------------
Brussels-Capital Region
  Business enterprise sector--1,065.0--1,571.0----
  Government sector519.0538.0552.0584.0----
  Higher education sector2,711.02,819.03,093.02,764.0----
  Private non-profit sector69.066.077.0112.0----
  Total--4,488.0--5,031.0----
Flemish Region
  Business enterprise sector--4,561.0--5,141.0----
  Government sector824.0868.0968.0965.0----
  Higher education sector6,994.07,282.07,805.07,986.0----
  Private non-profit sector25.028.035.059.0----
  Total--12,739.0--14,151.0----
Walloon Region
  Business enterprise sector--1,946.0--3,318.0----
  Government sector77.075.0122.0126.0----
  Higher education sector3,069.03,038.03,252.02,520.0----
  Private non-profit sector0.00.02.02.0----
  Total--5,059.0--5,966.0----

Description

  •  24/05/2019

Researchers are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, and systems, and in the management of the projects concerned. The share of women researchers among total researchers in full time equivalent and head count in all institutional sectors is shown. FTE (Full-time equivalent) corresponds to one year's work by one person (for example, a person who devotes 40 % of his time to R&D is counted as 0.4 FTE).

Four sectors of performance are identified.

The business enterprise sector includes all firms, organizations, and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price, and the private non-profit institutes mainly serving them.

The government sector is composed of all departments, offices and other bodies which furnish but normally do not sell to the community those common services, other than higher education, which cannot otherwise be conveniently and economically provided and administer the state, economic, and social policy of the community. (Public enterprises are included in the business enterprise sector). This sector is also composed of private non-profit institutes controlled and mainly financed by government.

The private non-profit sector includes non-market, private non-profit institutions serving households.

The higher education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology, and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status. It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education establishments. (Definitions from the Frascati Manual).

Other languages

  • Chercheuses par secteur d'exécution
  • Vrouwelijke onderzoekers per uitvoeringssector

Source: Eurostat, Science and technology statistics, Belgian Science Policy.