Patent applications to the EPO by IPC section

National data

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Patent applications to the EPO by IPC section

per million inhabitants

 2007200820092010201120122013
Belgium
  A: Human necessities 23.123.923.323.823.121.121.4
  B: Performing operations; transporting 25.127.923.027.026.323.819.2
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 37.635.030.933.431.828.020.4
  D: Textiles; paper 4.34.01.42.52.41.91.6
  E: Fixed constructions 8.96.67.98.36.48.27.0
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 10.17.79.69.47.39.28.6
  G: Physics 18.116.415.517.419.020.416.7
  H: Electricity 20.719.220.318.121.423.322.3
  IPC: Total 147.9140.8131.9139.8137.9135.8117.3
Netherlands
  A: Human necessities 40.444.043.440.448.253.337.0
  B: Performing operations; transporting 29.327.430.425.927.526.521.8
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 29.526.925.823.827.123.916.7
  D: Textiles; paper 2.81.81.71.92.11.41.9
  E: Fixed constructions 7.46.69.49.29.010.07.4
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 13.616.017.014.115.916.012.4
  G: Physics 42.844.440.534.241.538.225.8
  H: Electricity 38.843.641.335.135.433.229.8
  IPC: Total 204.7210.7209.5184.6207.1202.6152.9
France
  A: Human necessities 22.523.022.020.920.420.616.0
  B: Performing operations; transporting 28.328.125.425.526.928.020.4
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 16.117.516.716.115.614.911.0
  D: Textiles; paper 1.21.01.21.11.21.10.8
  E: Fixed constructions 6.15.05.45.15.74.43.9
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 16.314.613.914.816.216.113.8
  G: Physics 21.722.522.722.424.924.621.3
  H: Electricity 23.724.827.125.326.326.421.2
  IPC: Total 135.8136.5134.6131.3137.3136.3108.4
Germany
  A: Human necessities 44.038.740.340.040.336.629.0
  B: Performing operations; transporting 70.267.067.969.666.163.757.9
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 34.934.333.432.331.130.423.7
  D: Textiles; paper 6.25.24.74.44.33.43.6
  E: Fixed constructions 12.512.712.613.811.912.811.6
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 44.243.546.846.044.943.133.9
  G: Physics 39.838.736.635.838.037.532.1
  H: Electricity 44.641.743.544.943.940.231.6
  IPC: Total 296.4281.8285.8286.6280.9268.0223.2
Austria
  A: Human necessities 33.031.432.434.633.033.328.8
  B: Performing operations; transporting 43.142.542.549.748.849.348.7
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 27.321.925.224.527.126.817.8
  D: Textiles; paper 3.74.45.13.53.93.92.5
  E: Fixed constructions 13.716.917.616.717.215.014.4
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 26.328.030.733.929.331.829.7
  G: Physics 25.425.526.924.027.528.924.2
  H: Electricity 35.425.124.925.228.132.426.6
  IPC: Total 207.9195.7205.3212.0215.0221.6192.8
United Kingdom
  A: Human necessities 19.518.618.018.018.015.013.3
  B: Performing operations; transporting 12.912.511.512.812.412.010.8
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 11.711.211.49.99.510.07.3
  D: Textiles; paper 0.70.70.50.70.50.50.6
  E: Fixed constructions 4.83.84.24.04.24.33.0
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 8.99.39.89.410.410.38.2
  G: Physics 17.216.116.214.614.216.213.8
  H: Electricity 16.415.516.216.216.916.515.5
  IPC: Total 92.287.687.885.686.284.972.4
Euro Area 19
  A: Human necessities 24.022.722.622.422.321.717.4
  B: Performing operations; transporting 31.930.630.230.630.029.725.8
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 17.917.717.116.516.215.612.0
  D: Textiles; paper 3.12.62.42.42.52.42.0
  E: Fixed constructions 6.96.76.96.86.56.55.8
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 18.718.319.119.219.018.715.3
  G: Physics 20.420.319.418.920.220.216.9
  H: Electricity 23.022.422.922.422.822.217.8
  IPC: Total 145.9141.3140.5139.2139.9137.1112.9
Europe 28
  A: Human necessities 20.219.018.818.618.618.014.4
  B: Performing operations; transporting 24.123.322.923.523.122.919.8
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 14.314.013.513.112.812.69.5
  D: Textiles; paper 2.21.91.81.81.91.71.5
  E: Fixed constructions 5.65.35.55.55.45.34.6
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 14.514.415.015.115.315.012.2
  G: Physics 16.916.816.215.716.616.914.0
  H: Electricity 19.719.319.419.420.119.815.7
  IPC: Total 117.6114.0113.2112.8113.9112.391.7

Regional data

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Patent applications to the EPO by IPC section

per million inhabitants

 2007200820092010201120122013
Belgium
  A: Human necessities 23.123.923.323.823.121.121.4
  B: Performing operations; transporting 25.127.923.027.026.323.819.2
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 37.635.030.933.431.828.020.4
  D: Textiles; paper 4.34.01.42.52.41.91.6
  E: Fixed constructions 8.96.67.98.36.48.27.0
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 10.17.79.69.47.39.28.6
  G: Physics 18.116.415.517.419.020.416.7
  H: Electricity 20.719.220.318.121.423.322.3
  IPC: Total 147.9140.8131.9139.8137.9135.8117.3
Brussels-Capital Region
  A: Human necessities 22.917.424.19.616.516.1--
  B: Performing operations; transporting 15.123.520.022.620.616.2--
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 41.145.839.143.735.023.3--
  D: Textiles; paper 2.88.62.01.00.60.9--
  E: Fixed constructions 12.11.94.02.31.70.3--
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 5.34.56.26.14.65.4--
  G: Physics 11.17.416.514.715.517.1--
  H: Electricity 14.016.221.914.418.015.3--
  IPC: Total 124.5125.2133.8114.4112.594.8--
Flemish Region
  A: Human necessities 27.227.828.530.225.620.5--
  B: Performing operations; transporting 30.129.126.130.627.822.2--
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 35.230.228.829.028.921.3--
  D: Textiles; paper 6.14.71.73.03.62.0--
  E: Fixed constructions 11.18.611.011.48.49.8--
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 9.28.310.69.96.86.9--
  G: Physics 24.720.819.521.625.125.6--
  H: Electricity 29.226.527.022.629.429.4--
  IPC: Total 172.8155.9153.2158.5155.7137.6--
Walloon Region
  A: Human necessities 15.318.812.015.919.812.8--
  B: Performing operations; transporting 19.226.916.721.323.816.5--
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 40.239.131.537.134.525.3--
  D: Textiles; paper 1.61.40.51.80.90.2--
  E: Fixed constructions 4.14.23.64.64.32.5--
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 13.17.58.99.58.79.3--
  G: Physics 8.810.67.69.18.85.5--
  H: Electricity 7.47.27.910.78.48.3--
  IPC: Total 109.6115.588.7109.9109.380.4--
Europe 28
  A: Human necessities 20.219.018.818.618.618.014.4
  B: Performing operations; transporting 24.123.322.923.523.122.919.8
  C: Chemistry; metallurgy 14.314.013.513.112.812.69.5
  D: Textiles; paper 2.21.91.81.81.91.71.5
  E: Fixed constructions 5.65.35.55.55.45.34.6
  F: Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting 14.514.415.015.115.315.012.2
  G: Physics 16.916.816.215.716.616.914.0
  H: Electricity 19.719.319.419.420.119.815.7
  IPC: Total 117.6114.0113.2112.8113.9112.391.7

Description

  •  20/03/2018

This indicator measures the number of patent applications (by priority year) to the European Patent Office (EPO), per million inhabitants. Patents are classified according to the International Patent Classification (IPC) in the following eight main categories: human necessities (A); performing operations, transporting (B); chemistry, metallurgy (C); textiles, paper (D); fixed constructions (E); mechanical engineering, lighting, heating, weapons, blasting (F); physics (G); electricity (H).

The national distribution of patent applications is assigned according to the inventor's country of residence. If one application has more than one inventor, the application is divided equally among all of them, and subsequently among their countries of residence, thus avoiding double counting. The indicator not only sheds light on the innovation performance as such, but also on the domains of specialization of the country/region under consideration.

Data for the last year are provisional. Significant revisions are expected because the procedures for patent applications are very long and several years are necessary to have final data.

Other languages

  • Demandes de brevets auprès de l'OEB
  • Octrooiaanvragen bij het EOB

Source: Eurostat, Patent Statistics.