Direct government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D

National data

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Direct government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D

% of GDP

 20062014
Belgium
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.050.28
  Direct government funding0.070.11
  Total government support0.120.39
Netherlands
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.070.15
  Direct government funding0.030.02
  Total government support0.100.17
France
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.090.28
  Direct government funding0.150.11
  Total government support0.240.39
Germany
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.000.00
  Direct government funding0.080.07
  Total government support0.080.07
Austria
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.070.14
  Direct government funding0.100.13
  Total government support0.170.27
United Kingdom
  Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives0.050.13
  Direct government funding0.070.10
  Total government support0.120.23

Regional data

No regional data available

Description

  •  12/12/2017

Governments can contribute to business R&D expenditure through direct funding (grants, contracts, loans), and through tax incentives. Tax incentives include allowances and credits, as well as other forms of advantageous tax treatment such as allowing for the accelerated depreciation of R&D capital expenditures. Estimates here exclude income-based incentives – preferential treatment of incomes from licensing or asset disposal attributable to R&D or patents – and incentives to taxpayers, other than companies. Figures refer to incentives applied at a national level through corporate income taxes, employer social security contributions, and withholding taxes for R&D personnel. Personal and consumption tax incentives are not included. While typically non-discretionary, some countries require pre-approval of R&D projects or accreditation by government agencies or third parties. (Definition and indicator from OECD “STI Scoreboard”).

Other languages

  • Financement public direct et incitants fiscaux pour la R&D
  • Directe overheidsfinanciering en fiscale stimulansen voor O&O

Source: OECD STI Scoreboard, based on OECD R&D tax incentives questionnaire.