Indicators of the innovation system

The innovation capacity of a country is not only determined by its level of research and development, but also by its capacity to convert knowledge into new products, processes, organisational structures, which in turn generate economic growth. The innovation performance is also influenced by the socio-economic profile of the country, by the business environment, the degree of entrepreneurship, the access to finance…

Total R&D expenditure

R&D activities performed within a country/region by enterprises, the government sector, the higher education sector, and the private non-profit sector (payments for R&D performed abroad are excluded).