Indicators of the innovation system

The innovation capacity of a country is not only determined by its level of research and development, but also by its capacity to convert knowledge into new products, processes, organisational structures, which in turn generate economic growth. The innovation performance is also influenced by the socio-economic profile of the country, by the business environment, the degree of entrepreneurship, the access to finance ...

Socio-economic context

Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure

Stability and Growth Pact

Population and employment

GDP, inflation and labour productivity

Sectoral specialisation

Export performance and globalisation

Infrastructure (tangible and intangible)

Business environment, Finance and Entrepreneurship

Business environment

Access to finance

Entrepreneurial activity

Human resources: education and R&D employment

Education attainment

R&D personnel

R&D and innovation expenditure

Total R&D expenditure

Business enterprise R&D expenditure

Innovation expenditure and activities

Public support for R&D and innovation

Outputs of the innovation process

Bibliometric indicators

Intellectual assets

Patents, trademarks, designs

Technological specialisation

Collaboration for patents

Innovation performance


Collaboration for innovation

Economic impacts