The innovation capacity of a country is not only determined by its level of research and development, but also by its capacity to convert knowledge into new products, processes, organisational structures, which in turn generate economic growth. The innovation performance is also influenced by the socio-economic profile of the country, by the business environment, the degree of entrepreneurship, the access to finance ...
Outputs of the innovation process are a way to measure the results of research activities and of other activities contributing to the development and implementation of technological and non-technological innovations. The economic impact of these innovations is also included.
Bibliometric indicators refer to indicators of the production of scientific and/or academic publications and of citations. The number of publications (whether in the form of articles, reviews, or conference proceedings) gives an idea of the general activity of researchers, whereas the number of citations gives an idea of the quality of the scientific work produced.
Intellectual assets data measure the number of patents, trademarks, and designs resulting from innovative and creative activities.
Innovation performance data measure the introduction of technological and non-technological innovations on the market, or within the organisation.
Economic impacts capture the economic benefits of innovation, measured through the contribution of high-technology or knowledge-intensive sectors to the growth of value added, employment, and total exports.